The Australian Sheep Flock:
The "Border/Merino" Crossbred:
Most popular cross breed of sheep in Australia is the "Border
Merino" Crossbred and comprises the ewe progeny from Border Leicester
rams mated to Merinos ewes. The vast majority of Australian lambs
slaughtered for meat are from "Border/Merino" ewes mated "Downs" breed
rams (e.g. Poll Dorset or Southdown).
This breed was produced by crossing the Lincoln and Merino and then carefully selecting the progeny to fix a desirable type. The Corriedale was developed simultaneously in New Zealand and Australia and it is now one of the world's most successful dual purpose (wool and meat) breeds.
This breed was developed in Victoria, by starting with a
Lincoln/Merino first cross and then crossing back to the Merino again.
Some Polwarths are to be found in New Zealand and South America but
they are principally confined to Southern Australia and in particular
Tasmania and Victoria.
There are a large number of breeds which came to Australia from
England and are used primarily in the production of sheep meats.
A number of other breeds are found in Australia but at present are
of little commercial importance. These breeds are:
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